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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 4(2); 1999 > Article
Serum IGF-I, Free IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3 Levels in Children with Intrauterine Growth Retardation.
Il Tae Hwang, Eun Ae Park, Gyung Hee Kim, Ho Seong Kim
Most but not all intrauterine growth retardation(IUGR) children has catch-up growth postnatally. However, nothing is known about the predictive parameters on the catch-up growth. The aim of this study was to describe serum IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3 levels in IUGR children and to correlate these hormone values with auxologic parameters to investigate their value on the postnatal growth pattern. METHODS:Among children with IUGR born at Ewha Womans University from Jan. 1995 to Aug. 1998, 16 children with IUGR at 3 years of age and 12 age-matched normal controls were studied for auxologic and biologic parameters. We measured height, weight, and serum levels of insulin-like growth factor(IGF)-I, free IGF-I, IGF binding protein(BP)-1, IGFBP-3 using immunoradiometric kits.
1)Among 16 children with IUGR at 3 years of age, 13 children had catch-up growth(81.3%), but 3 children remained short stature(18.7%). The height standard deviation score(SDS) in children with IUGR and control were -0.3+/-0.8 and 0.8+/-0.7, respectively(P<0.05) and weight SDS were -0.7+/-0.9 and 1.1+/-1.1, respectively(P>0.05). 2)Serum IGF-I levels in children with IUGR at 3 years of age and normal control were 90.9+/-35.4ng/mL and 68.4+/-24.4ng/mL, respectively(p>0.05) and free IGF-I were 0.9+/-0.5ng/mL and 0.6+/-0.3ng/mL(p>0.05), IGFBP-1 were 50.5+/-30.5ng/ mL and 52.3+/-23.2ng/mL(p>0.05), IGFBP-3 were 4,116.7+/-1,062.2ng/mL and 4,058.4+/-808.5ng/mL(p>0.05), respectively. 3)In children with IUGR at 3 years of age, height SDS in IUGR children with catch-up growth and those without catch-up growth were 0.002+/-0.6 and -1.5+/-0.7, respectively(P<0.001), but there were no differences in weight SDS, body mass index, IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3. 4)There were no significant correlations between height gain and any growth factors.
The results show that there is no difference in the levels of IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3 in IUGR children at 3 years of age compared to age-matched normal control, suggesting that other factors rather than IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3 may cause short stature in IUGR.
Keywords: Intrauterine growth retardation;short stature;IGF-I;Free IGF-I;IGFBP-1;IGFBP-3


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