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Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab > Volume 9(1); 2004 > Article
Indices of Insulin Resistance in Children with Simple Obesity.
Sung Yeon Ahn, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
We performed this study to compare correlation between the indices of insulin resistance using fasting insulin and glucose level and body mass index (BMI), and to determine the clinical usefulness of glucose/insulin ratio (G/I ratio), which is easily available in clinical base. METHODS:Total 119 children with simple obesity, whose BMI is over 95th percentile, were evaluated. We calculated G/I ratio, logInsulin, HOMA-IR, logHOMA-IR, and QUICKI and evaluated their relationship to BMI.
Children with high-degree obesity had higher insulin resistance than children with mild to moderate-degree obesity (logInsulin, 1.13+/-.23 vs 1.27+/-.29; logHOMA-IR, 0.46+/-.24 vs 0.61+/-.30; QUICKI, 0.33+/-.03, 0.31+/-.03)(P<0.01), and pubertal children had higher insulin resistance than prepubertal children (G/I ratio, 7.39+/-.07 vs 4.85+/-.29; logInsulin, 1.14+/-.27 vs 1.31+/-.22; logHOMA-IR, 0.47+/-.28 vs 0.65+/-.22; QUICKI, 0.33+/-.03 vs 0.31+/-.02) (P<0.001). BMI had correlation coefficient as -0.436 for QUICKI, -0.432 for G/I ratio, 0.430 for logInsulin, and 0.425 for logHOMA-IR (P=0.000). G/I ratio was well correlated with QUICKI (r=0.901, P=0.000), logHOMA-IR (r=-0.865, P=0.000), and logInsulin (r=0.899, P=0.000). The changes of BMI were correlated with changes of G/I ratio (r=-0.547, P<0.01), QUICKI (r=-0.464, P=0.01), and logHOMA-IR (r=0.429, P<0.05).
This study revealed that the degree of BMI had statistically significant correlation with insulin resistance, which can be reflected by G/I ratio, logHOMA-IR and QUICKI. G/I ratio was well correlated with logHOMA-IR and QUICKI, which suggests that G/I ratio could be used as an bedside index of insulin resistance. The changes of G/I ratio were more correlated with changes of BMI than those of logHOMA-IR and QUICKI.
Keywords: Body mass index;Glucose/insulin ratio;HOMA-IR;QUICKI


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